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Syed Haider Raza View Artworks of Syed Haider Raza Back to Artist

One of the most iconic artists in the history of modern Indian art, S.H. Raza is known the world over for creating the unique iconoculture of the ‘Bindu’, a point of origin, a point of synthesis, embodying a deep seated spiritual consciousness as it were.


Syed Haider Raza was born in 1922 in Babaria district of Madhya Pradesh.  He studied painting at the Nagpur School of Art from 1939 to 43. He further continued his studies at the J.J. School of Art in Mumbai from 1943 to 1947 and subsequently at Ecole Nationale des Beaux Arts in Paris from 1950-53, on a French government scholarship.


Since 1947, S.H. Raza has had several solo shows in Delhi and Mumbai. 1958 onwards, his works have been exhibited extensively in cities across the world including Montreal, Toronto, California, Berkley, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Paris etc. He was a member of the Progressive Artists Group, Bombay and widely exhibited with them. He was felicitated with the Prix de Ia critique Award, Paris 1956. His work can be found in prestigious collections across the world.


Raza gradually evolved from painting expressionistic landscapes to abstract ones and from his fluent watercolours of landscapes and townscapes executed in the early 40's, he moved towards a more expressive language, painting landscapes of the mind. He later moved onto the idiom of geometric abstraction, specifically his Bindu series. His experiments were influenced by the new medium of acrylic, with which he began his new approach and experiments on canvas.


Raza was one of the first people to have such a strong influence on the Landscape art of India. Lately though quite a few people have been practicing symbolic art, it was Raza who had immortalized this art genre though his Bindu series.  Raza’s symbolic work was rooted in great conceptualization. His conceptualization of the Bindu series drew roots and inspiration from philosophy, mythology, literature, etc. It is in this eclectic synthesis of philosophy and art that Raza’s greatness laid.


The veteran artist passed way in 2016.



 1950-53 Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Paris

  1943-47 Studied at Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai

  1939-43 Nagpur School of Art, Nagpur  



2017 'Gandhi in Raza', Visual Arts Gallery, India Habitat Centre; Akar Prakar Art Advisory, New Delhi

  2017 'The Black Sun', Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi



 2016 'Nirantar', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi; Art Musings, Mumbai  2015 'Aarambh', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

 2014 'Pyas', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

 2014 'Parikrama - Around Gandhi ', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

 2014 'Paysage: Select Works 1950s-1970s', Sovereign FZE, Dubai  2014 'Parikrama: Around Gandhi', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

 2013 'Shabd-Bindu', Akar Prakar, Kolkata

 2013 'Antardhwani', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

 2012-13 'Vistaar', Art Musings and Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

 2012 The Arts Trust, Mumbai

 2012 'Bindu Vistaar', Grosvenor Gallery, London

 2011 'Punaragaman', Vadehra Art Gallery and Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

 2010 Raza Ceramiques, Galerie Flora J, Paris

 2010 Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris

 2010 RL Fine Arts, New York

  2010 Akar Prakar, Kolkata

  2010 'Recent Works', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2007 ‘Raza – A Retrospective’, Saffronart, New York in association with Berkeley Square Gallery

 2007 ‘Celebrating 85 Years of Living Legend S H Raza’, a Traveling Exhibition at Hong Kong, Singapore, Dubai, Mumbai, New Delhi organized by Aryan Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2006 'Selected Works of S H Raza', Peter Louis Gallery, Paris

  2006 ‘Rang Ras – S. H. Raza’, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

  2006 ‘Metamorphosis’, Aryan Art Gallery, Mumbai, Delhi and Hong Kong

  2005 Saffronart and Berkeley Square Gallery, London and New York

  2005 Aryan Art Gallery, Delhi

  2005 Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

  2004 Aryan Art Gallery, Delhi

  2002 Jehangir Art Gallery, Sharan Apparao Gallery, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

  1999 Gallery Art 54, New York

  1997 Le Parcons du regard, Oletta, Corsices, France

  1997 Galleri Grewal Mohanjeet, Paris

  1997 Roopankar Museum of Fine Arts, Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal; Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai; National Gallery of Modern Art, Delhi.

  1994 L’Artheque d’Enterprise, Group Michel Ferrier, Echirolle, Grenoble

  1992 Jehangir Nicholsan Museum, National Centre for Performing Arts, Mumbai

  1992 Parcours des Arts, La Louvesc, France

  1991 Galerie Eterso, Cannes

  1991 Retrospective 1952-91, Palais Carnles, Musee de Menton, France

  1990 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

  1988 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai ; Galleri Koloritten, Stavanger, Norway

  1987 La Tete de l ’Art, Grenoble

  1985 Galerie Pierre Parat, Paris

  1984 Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

  1982 Galerie Leob, Bern, Switzerland

  1982 Galerie J.Y Noblet, Grenoble

  1980 Galleriet, Oslo

  1979 Stavanger Kunstforening, Norway

  1978 Jehangir Nicholson Museum, National Centre for Performing Arts, Mumbai

  1978 ‘Utsav’, Madhya Pradesh Kala Parishad, Bhopal

  1977 La Tete de l ’Art, Grenoble

  1976 Jehangir Art Gallery, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai ; Stavanger Kunstforening Galerie, Norway

  1975 Galleria Matuzia, San Remo, Italy

  1974 La Palette, Trouville

  1972 Abbaye du Pommier, Anncy, Le Grenier, Roquebrune-Village

  1969 Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris

  1968 Tecta Galerie, Dusseldorf, Germany; Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

  1963-68 Dom Galerie, Cologne, Germany

  1962 Worth Ryder Art Gallery, Berkeley, University of California, California, USA

  1962 Lanyon Gallery, Palo Alto, California

  1962 Galerie Dresdnere, Montreal

  1962-68 Galerie Dresdnere, Toronto

  1959 Jehangir Art gallery, Mumbai

  1959-1960 Galerie Dresdnere, Montreal

  1959 All India Fine Aarts and Crafts Society, New Delhi

  1958-61-62- 64 -67 -69 Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris

  1950 Charles Petras’s Institute of Foreign Languages, Mumbai


2014 'Immutable Gaze Part I: Masterpieces of Modern and Pre-Modern Indian Art', aicon Gallery, New York

2013 'Ram Kumar and the Bombay Progressives: The Form and the Figure Part II', Aicon Gallery, New York

2013 'Miniature Rewind 1', presented by Grosvenor Gallery, London for Art Dubai 2013, Dubai

2013 'Ideas of the Sublime', presented by Vadehra Art Gallery at Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

2013 'Nothing is Absolute: A Journey through Abstraction', The Jehangir Nicholson Gallery at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (CSMVS), Mumbai

2013 'The Discerning Eye: Modern Masters', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2012 'Iconic Processions', Aicon Gallery, New York

2012 'Extending the Line', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2012 'Gallery Collection', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2012 'Contemporary: A Selection of Modern and Contemporary Art', prsented by Sakshi Gallery at The Park, Chennai

2012 'Through the Ages: South Asian Sculpture and Painting from Antiquity to Modernism', Aicon Gallery, New York

2012 'Sightings', Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai

2011 'Adbhutam: Rasa in Indian Art', Centre of International Modern Art(CIMA), Kolkata

2011 'The Path of the Lotus: Indian Art', Grosvenor Gallery, London

2011 'Modern Masters', Aicon Gallery, New York

2011 'Form and Formlessness', Art Alive Gallery, Gurgaon

2011 'POP: Progressives on Paper', Aicon Gallery, New York

 2011 'Anecdotes', Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai

2011 'Masterclass', Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2011 'Continuum', Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2010 'Besides Paris', Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata

  2010 'Paper Trails', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2010 'The Progressives & Associates', Grosvenor Gallery, London

  2010 'From Miniature to Modern: Traditions in Transition', Rob Dean Art, London in association with Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

  2010 'Above and Beyond', Aicon Gallery, London

  2010 'Masters of Maharashtra', collection from Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi at Piramal Gallery, National Centre for the Performing Arts (NCPA), Mumbai

  2009 'Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art', Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

 2009 'Indian Art After Independence: Selected Works from the Collections of Virginia & Ravi Akhoury and Shelley & Donald Rubin', Emily Lowe Gallery, Hempstead

  2009 'In Search of the Vernacular', Aicon Gallery, New York

  2009 'Think Small', Art Alive Gallery, New Delhi

  2009 'Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art', Grosvenor Gallery, London

  2009,10 'Master Class', The Arts Trust, Mumbai

  2008 'Modern and Contemporary Indian Art', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2008 ‘Freedom 2008 : Sixty Years After Indian Independence’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

  2008 'Magnificient Seven', Art Alive Gallery, New Delhi

  2007-08 ‘India Art Now: Between Continuity and Transformation’, Province of Milan, Milan, Italy

 2005 Ashta Nayak: Eight Pioneers of Indian Art', Aicon Gallery, New York

  2004 Aryan Art Gallery, Delhi

  2004 Art Musings, Mumbai

  2003 Des duos et des couples, Aixen Provence, France (with Pablo Picasso and Francoise Gillot)

  2002 Jane Woorhese Zimmerli Art Museum, New Jersey ; Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

  2001,2002 Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery, Metropolitan Pavilion, New York

  2001 ‘Indian Contemporary Fine Art’, Saffronart and Apparao Galleries, Los Angeles

  2001 ‘Symphony in White’, Gallery 7, Mumbai

  2001 ‘Cultural Ties’, Kapil Jariwala Gallery, London

  2000 Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and Smithsonian Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C.

  2000 Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan

  1999 Timeless Vision – Contemporary Art of India, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts

  1999 Festival of Contemporary Art, ‘Energy’, Gallery 7, Mumbai

  1999 ‘The Turning Point’, Jehangir Art gallery, Mumbai

  1999 Salar de Mai, Paris

  1999 Apparao Galleries, Hong Kong

  1999 Apparao Galleries and Gallery Art 54, New York

  1999 Timeless Vision – Contemporary Art of India, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts

  1998 ‘Spirit and Soul’, Indian Painting Today, Hong Kong

  1998 Gegenwatskunst aw Indian, Harsh Goenka, Bayer A.G. Leverkusen, Germany

  1998 ‘The Search Within’, Kloster Pernegg, Austria

  1998 National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai

  1998 ‘L’indracable frontiers’, Toulouse, France

  1998 International Exhibition, Lisbon, Portugal

  1997 ‘Indian Contemporary Art’, Fine Art Resource, Berlin

  1997 ‘An Ode to Independence’, Apparao Galleries, London

  1997 ‘Tryst with Destiny’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai

  1997 Singapore Art Museum

  1997 ‘Within The Frame’, Apparao Galleries, Hong Kong

  1997 The Moderns, The Progressive Artists Group, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai

  1996 Progressive Artists Group, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai

  1996 'Chamatkar', The Indian Metaphor, Whitleys Art Gallery, London

  1996 ‘Les Oceans’, Metropolitaine, Lisbon, Portugal

  1996 ‘Within The Frame’, The Gallery, Chennai,Visual Art Centre Hong Kong

  1996 Progressive Artists Group, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai

  1996 'Chamatkar', The Indian Metaphor, Whitleys Art Gallery, London

  1995 ‘Sept Peintres Indiens Contemporains’, Le Monde de l’Art, Paris

  1995 Festival d’ Avignon, France

  1995 ‘Tree of my Life’, Village Gallery, Delhi

  1994 Salon de Mai, Espace Branley, Paris

  1993 ‘Wounds’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

  1993 ‘Indian encounter’, The Gallery, Nehru Centre, London

  1993 ‘Souvenir d’en France’, Lalit Kala Galleries, Delhi

  1991 ‘State of Art’, Paintings with Computer, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

  1991 Ceramics, ‘Faenza Anni 90’, Italy

  1990 L’Artotheque d’Entreprise, Group Michel Ferrier, Echirolle Grenoble

  1990 ‘Realite Seconde’, Galerie Ariane, Paris

  1989 Salon de Mai, Grand Palais, Paris

  1989 Artistes Indiens a Paris, Galerie Ariane, Paris

  1988 Maison de la Culture, Space Andre Malraux, Reims, France

  1988 ‘Art for CRY’, Mumbai, Bangalore, Kolkata, Delhi

  1988 The National Museum of Contemporary Art, Olympiad, Seoul, Korea

  1987 Galerie La tete de l’Art, Grenoble

  1987 ‘Coups de Coeur’, Halles de L’ille, Geneva, Switzerland

  1986 ‘Indian Art Today’, The Philips Collection, Washington

  1986 “Contemporary Indian Art”, Chester Herwitz Family Collection, Festival of India, Grey Gallery, New York

  1985 Artistes Indiens en France, Foundation Nationale des Arts Graphiques et Plastiques, Paris

  1984 J. Y. Noblet, Paris

  1983 Salon de Mai, Paris

  1983 Bibliotheque Nationale, Luxemborg

  1982 ‘Contemporary Indian Art’, Royal Academy, London

  1982 “India, Myth & Reality”, Aspects of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK

  1981 Charlottenborg, Copenhagen, Denmark

  1980-86 Kunstnere, Fra Syd-Franksike, Stavanger Kunstforening, Norway

  1978 ‘Pictorial Space’, Lalit Kala Akademi, Delhi

  1978 Salon de Dessin, Paris

  1978 Vieux Presbitaire, Gorbio

  1978 L’ Estampe Aujourd’hui’, Bibliotheque Nationale: Foire Internationale d’Art Contemporian, Grand Palais, Paris

  1975 Sahel Palais de l’Europe, Menton

  1974 Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

  1974 Premier Salon International d’Art Contemporain, Paris

  1974 Salon Grands et Jeunes d’Aujoued’hui

  1973 Estampes Contemporaines, Musee de Menton

  1973 Galleria Matuzia, San Remo

  1973 Pacific Cultural Museum, Pasadena, California

  1973 Indian Contemporary Painters, Renwich Gallery, Washington

  1973 Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris

  1972 Wolfgang-Gurlitt Museum, Linz, Austria

  1971 Recherche et Expression, Montferneil

  1971 Art et Fer Blanc, Paris

  1967 Silver Jubilee Exhibition of Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

  1965 Promesses tenues, Musee Galliera, Paris

  1965 Realities Nouvelles, Paris

  1965 Art Now in India, Newcastle, UK

  1963 Grands et Jeunes d’ Aujourd’ hui, Paris, Salons Comparaisons, Paris

  1962 Commonwealth Exhibition, Commonwealth Institute London

  1962 Ecole de Paris 62, Galerie Charpentier, Paris

  1962 Werke der Ecole de Paris, Dom Galerie, Cologne

  1962 Gallery 63, New York

  1962 Commonwealth Exhibition, Commonwealth Institute, London

  1961 Ecole de Paris 61, Galerie Charpentier, Paris

  1961 Galerie Semiha Huber, Zurich

  1960 Modern Indian Art, Santiago, Trinidad and Mexico

  1960 Galerie Charpentier, Paris

  1958 John Moores’ Exhibition, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool

  1958 ‘Trends in Contemporary Painting from India’, Graham Gallery, New York

  1957 Exhibition organized by the Journal Asahi, Tokyo

  1957 ‘Transferences’, Zwemmer Gallery, London

  1956 Les Arts en France et dans le Monde, Musee d’ Art Moderne, Paris

  1953 Galerie Raymond Creuze, Paris

  1952 Galerie Saint-Placide

  1951 Salon de Mai, Paris



  2009 ‘Spirit of India’, with M F Husain at Kings Road Galleries, London

  2009 'Shanti: A Scream for Peace', with Manish Pushkale at Bugno Art Gallery, Venice

  2004 ‘S. H. Raza and Manish Pushkale – Recent Works’, Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai


  2013-14 'Transition', 20th Anniversary Show, Centre of International Modern Art(CIMA), Kolkata

  2012-13 'Radical Terrain: Modernist Art from India', Rubin Museum of Art, New York

  2012 'Modernist Art from India: Approaching Abstraction', Rubin Museum of Art, New York

  2012 'Synergy 2012', 12th Anniversary Show, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

  2012 'Crossings: Time Unfolded, Part 2', Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi

  2011 'Ethos V: Indian Art Through the Lens of History (1900 to 1980), Indigo Blue Art, Singapore

  2011 India Art Festival, Nehru Centre, Mumbai presented by Akar Prakar, Kolkata

  2011 ‘Manifestations VI', Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2011 'Miniscule Marvel', presented by Contemplate at Gallery BMB, Mumbai

  2011 ‘Manifestations V', Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2011 'Roots in the Air, Branches Below: Modern & Contemporary Art from India', San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose

  2011 'Time Unfolded', Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi

  2011 'Resonance', Art Musings, Mumbai

  2010 'Evolve: 10th Anniversary Show', Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

  2010 'Manifestations IV', Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2010 'Roots', 25th Anniversary Exhibition of Sakshi Art Gallery, Mumbai at The Park, Chennai

  2009 'Armory Show', New York presented by Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

  2008-09 ''Modern India', organized by Institut Valencià d'Art Modern (IVAM) and Casa Asia, in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture at Valencia, Spain

  2008 'Harvest 2008', organized by Arushi Arts at The Stainless Gallery, New Delhi

  2007-08 'From Everyday To The Imagined: Modern Indian Art', Singapore Art Museum, Singapore and at Museum of Art, Seoul National University, Seoul

  1998 ‘Harmony Show;, Nehru Centre, Mumbai

 1996 ‘Harmony Show;, Nehru Centre, Mumbai

  1992 International Biennale de Dakar, Senegal

  1987 Biennial of Havana, Cuba

  1986 Biennale Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal

  1976 Biennale de Menton, France

  1972 Biennale de Menton, Realites Nouvelles

  1968 Biennale de Menton, France

  1968 First Triennale, New Delhi

  1966 Salon Comparaisons, Paris

  1966 Biennale de Menton, France

  1964 Biennale de Menton, France

  1963 Biennale du Maroc, Rabat

  1962 Salon Comparaisons, Paris

  1958 Biennale de Bruges

  1958 Biennale de Sao Paulo

  1957 Biennale 57, Pavilion de Marsan, Paris

  1956 Biennale de Venice


Honours and Awards


  2007 Awarded the ’Padma Bhushan’, by the Government of India

  2004 Lalit Kala Ratna Puraskar, Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

  1981 Awarded the ’Padma Shri’, by the Goevrnment of India

  1981 Elected Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

  1981 Awarded Kalidas Sanman National Award, Government of Madhya Pradesh

  1956 Awarded the ‘Prix de la Critique’, Paris

  1948 Gold Medal, Bombay Art Society, Mumbai

  1946 Silver Medal, Bombay Art Society, Mumbai

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